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What is eczema? Causes, symptoms and how to treat the skin condition

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Eczema is a pores and skin situation that may trigger quite a lot of uncomfortable itching on the physique. 

Eczema is quite common, with over 31 million Individuals experiencing a minimum of one type of it.

Eczema’s severity can differ relying on every case. One frequent phrase used to explain an eczema breakout is a “flare-up.” 

The pores and skin situation can erupt at any level in a single’s life, and there are numerous various factors that might trigger it. 

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Under is every thing it’s essential to learn about eczema and the way signs may be handled. 

Baby with ezcema

Eczema can flare up in infants and in maturity.  (iStock)

  1. What’s eczema?
  2. What are the primary causes of eczema?
  3. What are the signs of eczema?
  4. How do you deal with eczema?

1. What’s eczema?

Eczema is a pores and skin situation that may trigger itchiness, dry pores and skin, rashes and patches on the physique. 

The situation shouldn’t be contagious and may be managed, normally with moisturizers and lotions to offer aid. 

There are a number of various kinds of eczema that each one show totally different signs and have totally different causes. The most typical kind of eczema is atopic dermatitis. This sort is often seen in youngsters however can have an effect on folks of all ages. 

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Contact dermatitis happens when folks come into contact with a substance they’re allergic to or one which irritates the pores and skin. Dyshidrotic eczema sometimes is seen on the fingers and ft within the type of small blisters. The precise reason for dyshidrotic eczema is unknown, though it might be triggered by allergic reactions, stress or often moist fingers and ft. 

woman scratches arm

Eczema may be triggered by an allergic response and may seem in these with delicate pores and skin after they are available contact with sure merchandise.  (iStock)

Neurodermatitis impacts round 12% of the U.S. inhabitants and causes intense itching on the physique. Nummular eczema seems as scattered, raised, round patches across the physique. It isn’t unusual for clear liquid to ooze out of those spherical spots. 

Seborrheic dermatitis normally impacts the scalp and causes itchiness, flakiness and redness within the space. Lastly, stasis dermatitis develops when there may be poor circulation within the legs. Such a eczema is seen on this a part of the physique. People could expertise a number of kinds of eczema on the similar time. 

2. What are the primary causes of eczema?

There are a number of various factors that might trigger eczema. An overactive immune system and genetics are two attainable causes. 

Eczema on arm

There are numerous totally different environmental components that might trigger eczema, like contact with sure soaps that include a perfume.  (BSIP/UIG Through Getty Photos)

There are numerous environmental components that might trigger eczema. 

These environmental components embrace dry climate, excessive sizzling or chilly, sure soaps, laundry detergents and cloth softeners, fragrances, publicity to sure metals, make-up or pores and skin merchandise, sure clothes supplies and smoke publicity. 

Elevated stress might additionally provoke eczema.

3. What are the signs of eczema?

Eczema signs are current on the pores and skin. In case you have eczema, it’s possible you’ll discover that your pores and skin is itchy, dry, infected, tough, scaly, swollen and there could also be areas of oozing. 

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The size of time eczema signs might final throughout a “flare-up” range. The pores and skin might be cleared in a few days, or it might final many days and even weeks. 

Woman scratching her arm

Eczema may be very itchy and worsening. To deal with the pores and skin situation, moisturizers and lotions are used.  (BSIP/Common Photos Group through Getty Photos)

4. How do you deal with eczema?

Eczema is treatable with a prescription or over-the-counter moisturizers, antihistamines or topical steroid lotions.  

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Keep away from scratching the affected pores and skin and take care to keep away from recognized environmental irritants.

For extra Way of life articles, go to www.foxnews.com/way of life.

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